Etymology English 1500- 1900

1610 art "skill in creative arts" 1610s; especially of painting, sculpture, etc., from 1660s.Assoc: symbol becomes restricted to a few activities as a reaction to new narrow notion of science
Latin > French 1787 > English 1789carbonem > charbone >carbon " charcoal" >
"non-metallic element of periodic table"(1789)
Assoc: with a pure chemical substance rather than with heat and combustion.
1590s change "something substituted for something else" (1590s) "a different situation" (1680s.)Assoc: less with general action of universe and more with specific situations
Late 14Ccool"to lose warmth," from the root of cool (adj.). Meaning "to cause to lose warmth" is from late 14c.Assoc: less with state of lack of warmth and more with causing loss of warmth
Late 14Cconserver > conserve
"to keep, preserve, keep intact, guard,"Assoc with all manner of stewardship; civic practice
Anglo-French 1755conservacie > conservacy > conservancy"commission with jurisdiction over a port or river," (1755) > "official preservation of undeveloped land" (1859)Assoc: less with general stewardship and more with
Late 14C French>English conservacioun > conservation"preservation of one's health and soundness," > "preservation of existing conditions" in any sense is (mid-15c.) > " English municipal authorities who had charge of rivers, sewers, forests, fisheries, etc." (late 15c) Assoc: less with general civic practice and more with commercial process
1790s"Le Conservateur" > conservativeDescribing Edmund Burke's opposition to the French Revolution (1790s) > name of a British political faction (1830) It replaced "Tory" by 1843,Assoc: less with stewardship in general and more with feudal rich class
Late Old Englishofdune > down "downwards,"Assoc: with lowering movement; decreasing height
1500seconomy"household management, thrift," > "frugality, judicious use of resources" (1660s). Also wealth and resources of a country" (1650s)Assoc: less with personal thrift, frugality and stewardship and more with national industrial processes
1500seconomic "practiced in the management of a household or family" > "pertaining to management of a household," (1590s) >"relating to the science of economics" (1835)Assoc: less with personal stewardship and more with state of national exchange systems.
Middle French > Englishéconomiste > economist1580s, "household manager,"> "student of political economy" (1804)Assoc: less with personal stewardship and more with study of national exchange systems.
1640s electricitycharges created from frictionAssoc: imbalance of electric charges within or on the surface of a material
1600electricus 1600 > electric (1640) "resembling amber" i.e. force created by rubbing amber (1600) > "charged with electricity" (1670s)Assoc: less with static electrical changes and more with electrical currents
1630selectricus > electrical "giving off electricity when rubbed," (1630s) > "relating to electricity, run by electricity" (1746)Assoc: less with static electrical changes and more with electrical currents
Late Latin, Middle French energia > énergie 16C > energy"force of expression,"" vis viva" Late 17C > "energy" 1807Assoc: universal force or action
c1600environment"state of being environed" c.1600 "the aggregate of the conditions in which a person or thing lives" 1827Assoc: (local) forces acting on an individual;that which is not human being; Individual is distinct from surroundings.
1590s form "systematic or orderly arrangement" 1590s Assoc: less with universal notion of shape and more with perceived systematic arrangement
c.1500generate "to beget"Assoc: to produce
also known as a "conservatory"
green + houseAssoc: great prestige and wealth; human structure for controlling microclimate; growing exotic plants out of season
1500spotential (adj); also later a noun) "possible" (as opposed to actual) late 14cAssoc: non actual. (Aristotle's concept)
1817potential (noun)" that which is possible"Assoc: that which is possible
1850spotential energyenergy stored in an object due to its position in a force fieldAssoc: with non action rather than action, contrast to "actual energy"
1850'spower (noun)"ability; ability to act or do; strength, vigor, might," > measure of rate work is doneAssoc: measurement of the rate energy is manifest
1530spower (verb)"make powerful" (1530s) >"to supply with power," 1898Assoc: reticulated electrical products.
1610s resource"means of supplying a want or deficiency (1610s ) > Resources "a country's wealth" 1779Assoc: anything activity seen to add wealth to the British Crown regardless of consequences
Late 14Cscience"collective human knowledge" (especially "that gained by systematic observation, experiment, and reasoning) >"body of regular or methodical observations or propositions concerning a particular subject or speculation" (1725) Assoc: less as philosophy/ profound moral way of being and more as simply an amoral way of thinking
1670sscience "non-arts studies" 1670s;
non-philosophy 1833
Assoc: antithesis of arts, philosophy
1827trace"vestiges" > "indication of minute presence in some chemical compound"1827Assoc: minute quantities of a substance.
c1600transformer "one who or that which transforms," c1600 > "device to reduce electrical currents" 1882Assoc: less universal transformation and more specific to an electrical device
1500swarm "make warm", "become warm;"Assoc : action of maintaining thermal flow
c1400warm-up of persons (c1400) > of food (1848) >"exercise before an activity." (1868)Assoc: raising the temperature of an object

"to move upward" (1737)Assoc: change of position or state